Kedaulatan Negara

Saya sedang meneliti transkrip hujahan lisan kes Pulau Batu Puteh antara Malaysia dan Singapura. Sebagai pengamal undang-undanh penting untuk saya meneliti sendiri hujahan kedua-dua buah negara bagi mendapat gambaran sebenar kes ini. Biasanya keputusan kes biasanya akan diketahui sepeas enam bulan perbicaraan tamat. Antara hujah menarik yang setakat ini saya dapati ialah hujahan Singapura berkenaan konsep kedaulatan atau “sovereignty”. Singapura berhujah kedaulatan bermaksud kekuasaan ke atas rakyat “subject” sesebuah negara dan bukanlah kekuasaan pada wilayah. Parafraf di bawah menerangkan dengan lebih lanjut hujahan mereka:What it means is that the only reliable way to determine whether a particular territory belonged to a ruler is to find out whether the inhabitants pledged allegiance to that ruler. In her Counter-Memorial, Singapore has referred to two such instances directly applicable to Johor. The first is a letter written to the Government of India by the Resident of Singapore, John Crawfurd, regarding the claim of the Temenggong, the local ruler of mainland Johor, to certain islands. Even though other rulers did not dispute the Temenggong’s claim, Crawfurd explained that the claim was “more satisfactorily ascertained by the voluntary and cheerful allegiance yielded to him by the inhabitants”73. In 1849, a British official called Thomson ⎯ the same Thomson who supervised the construction of Horsburgh lighthouse ⎯ undertook a survey of the east coast of Pahang, Johor and adjacent islands. He found that the ownership of some of these islands was uncertain, and that he was only able to determine whether they belonged to Pahang or Johor by asking the inhabitants whom they owed allegiance to.

Berminat untuk mengetahui lebih lanjut tentang kes ini layarilah www.icj.org. Maka, anda semua dapat menilai sendiri kekuatan kes Malaysia ke atas Pulau Batu Puteh.

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